Mosquitoes are vectors of numerous diseases such as malaria, yellow fever, filariasis, dengue chikungunya. Most female mosquitoes require a blood meal before they can produce a batch of eggs.
Anopheles, culex and Aedes are the most common species of mosquitoes that spread diseases. These vectors develop through four stages: egg, larvae, pupa and adult, complete development from egg to adult usually takes 10 to 14 days but varies according to the species and temperature.
The best integrated practices can keep the mosquito menace at a tolerable level, but stopping the influx of mosquito is a very difficult task as they have various sources of breeding.
Mosquito control can be very difficult but must be attempted to not only get rid our homes and business of annoying bites but also to stop the spread of certain mosquito borne health problems. But even if we eliminate all possible breeding sites on our property, mosquitoes born in other areas will still fly to your part of the world. Therefore vector control measures work well when taken at community level. There are some methods that the experienced pest control operator may utilize to reduce mosquitoes pest problem.
The best control mechanism is prevention. Eliminating all possible mosquito breeding sources – standing water, piles of cut grass and fallen leaves, cleaning fence rows of wild grasses and weeds, keeping rain gutters free of litter and other vegetation- is indeed your starting point in an integrated pest management program targeting disease carrying pests.
Indoor Mosquitoes Control
If we have an indoor mosquito problem, the best solution is to seal them out by repairing doors, screens, windows, etc. In addition, screen like mesh wires obstruct their entry. If for some reason this is not always possible, we can use a space spray to kill flying pests.
Outdoor Mosquito Control
Control of larvae
Larvae breed wherever suitable water is available. To control the larvae, either the water has to be removed or insecticides to be used. Oils are also used to kill larvae.. However, the larvicide measures done in the water source take care of only the mosquito larvae and not the eggs and pupae already present in the water body.
Control of adult mosquitoes
Fogging: This method of outdoor mosquito control and flies control and other such pests is temporary but is indeed necessary in many instances.
The best time to kill adult mosquitoes by fogging is at dusk, when they are most active and looking for food (mosquitoes feed on human or animal blood). The aerosol fog primarily targets flying mosquitoes, which is why the timing of the spray is critical. A thermal fogger (as opposed to a cold fogger) produces a thick pesticide fog or smoke by heating the fogging solution. It produces a nice insect fog that is directed to areas where it would like to kill mosquitoes, and other biting pests.
During the fogging, flying mosquitoes within the treated area are killed. Although the local mosquito population is reduced for a few days, fogging does not prevent mosquitoes from re-entering the area.
Mosquitoes control measures always give better results in an integrated approach of prevention, control and source elimination. Any one of this in isolation provides only partial results.